1) Latin word = company, used to refer to the close companions of a lord or king. The usage is a 19c reapplication of the word comitatus, taken from the description in Germania by Tacitus (d. 120) of the Germanic warrior band loyal to their lord. Such loyalty is exemplified later in the OldEngl. poem The Battle of Maldon, which relates the struggles of the household warriors and their loyalty to their *ealdorman in the battle of 991, also mentioned in *ASC. A further example was at the Battle of Hastings, in 1066, after the death of King Harold II. Harold's family and their closest retainers were all killed, refusing to leave the body of their dead king and wanting to avenge his death.
2) After the Conquest, this word was used as the Latin translation of 'shire', i.e. the modern *'county'. -

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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  • COMITATUS — Aula Imperatoria, Palatium, locus ubi Imperator morabatur, seu, ut definit Anianus, ad leg. 20. Cod. Theodos. de Decurion. Ubi rerum Domini fuerint: a Comitibus dictus, h. e. Curiae Proceribus, seu Amicis interioribus. Sic enim novum Comitem… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Comitatus — (Latin for company, armed group) may refer to: Comes, a Latin word with similar meaning Comitatenses, the Roman late Imperial mobile army Comitatus (classical meaning), a political term used in various meanings, in Europe s classical period and… …   Wikipedia

  • Comitātus — (lat.), 1) Begleitung, Gefolge; 2) Suite des Kaisers, der Hof, auch das Hoflager; daher Comitatenses, die Mitglieder des Gefolges; 3) Würde eines Comes (s.d.); 4) so v. w. Comitat …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Comitātus — (lat.), Begleitung, Gefolge; auch Würde eines Comes (s.d. und Komitat) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Comitatus — Comitātus (lat.), s. Komitat …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Comitatus —   [lateinisch] der, / , das Grafenamt, später (etwa seit dem 7. Jahrhundert) auch die Grafschaft, der Amtsbezirk eines fränkischen Comes (Graf).   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • comitatus — Latin collective of comes, comitem companion (see COUNT (Cf. count) (n.)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Comitatus — À partir du IVe siècle, l armée romaine subit de profondes transformations. Les changements apportés par Gallien et par Dioclétien, sont amplifiés sous le règne de Constantin. L armée de campagne constituée prend le nom de comitatus (du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • comitatus — ▪ ancient Roman military organization       (Latin: “retinue”), in ancient Republican Rome, an elite company of one of the army commanders. A comitatus was formed in the assembly when one of the leading men announced that he needed followers to… …   Universalium

  • Comitatus — Die ungarischen Komitate von 1867 bis 1918 Die aktuellen ungarischen Komitate Komitat ist eine deutsche Bezeichnung für die regionalen Verwaltungseinheiten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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